О.V. Chepizhko. SIGNIFICANCE OF MINERALOGICAL AND LITHOLOGIC-PETROGRAPHICAL RANK IN THE RANKING OF GEOLOGICAL INFORMATION

https://doi.org/10.15407/mineraljournal.42.04.033

UDC 549.8:553.98

SIGNIFICANCE OF MINERALOGICAL AND LITHOLOGIC-PETROGRAPHICAL

RANK IN THE RANKING OF GEOLOGICAL INFORMATION

О.V. Chepizhko, DrSc (Geology), Prof.

Odesa I.I. Mechnikov National University

2, Dvoryanska Str., Odesa, Ukraine, 65082

E-mail: chepizhko.olexa@gmail.com; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9669-6676

V.V. Yanko, DrSc (Geology, Mineralogy), Prof., Head of Department

Odesa I.I. Mechnikov National University

2, Dvoryanska Str., Odesa, Ukraine, 65082

E-mail: yanko@onu.edu.ua; http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4933-5066

V.M. Kadurin, PhD (Geology, Mineralogy), Prof.

Odesa I.I. Mechnikov National University

2, Dvoryanska Str., Odesa, Ukraine, 65082

E-mail: vl.kadurin@gmail.com; https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7434-4445

I.M. Naumko, DrSc (Geology), Prof., Head of Department

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible

Minerals of the NAS of Ukraine

3-a, Naukova Str., Lviv, Ukraine, 79060

E-mail: naumko@ukr.net, igggk@mail.lviv.ua

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3735-047X

S.М. Shatalin, Senior Teacher

Odesa I.I. Mechnikov National University

2, Dvoryanska Str., Odesa, Ukraine, 65082

E-mail: shatalin@onu.edu.ua; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1596-0800

Language: Ukrainian

Mineralogical journal 2020, 42 (2): 33-49

Abstract: For the first time the importance of mineralogical and lithological-petrographical ranks in the line of geological information ranks is substantiated for implementation of long-term forecasts, standard and non-standard approaches to research of physical and geochemical parameters as a basis of creation of complex system of forecast criteria and prospecting indicators of hydrocarbons within the sedimentary cover of Black sea based on the theory of global fluid-flows derivation. These criteria have different sensitivity to the object (hydrocarbon deposits) and are therefore ranked. The ranking determined the following parameters: 1) seismic data within the object, obtained by the method of deep seismic sounding, RWM SDP; 2) parameters of tectono-geodynamic structures; 3) the main characteristics of sedimentary cover and bedrock; 4) geochemical characteristics; 5) parameters of mineral complexes and fluid inclusions in mineral neoformations; 6) the value of the distribution of meiobenthos. Based on modern views of oil and gas geology, structural-tectonic and lithological-facies criteria are among the main ones. The study of the mineralogical component of sediments is made with using mineralogical, thermobarogeochemical and X-ray spectral methods. Fixation of anomalies of fluid flow at the bottom of the Black Sea as to the distribution of abiotic parameters in order to assess the prospects of oil and gas is determined by structural and tectonic features and high permeability of fluid flow; parameters of mineral complexes (minerals, facies) and genetic connections; heterogeneity of geochemical characteristics of bottom sediments; the presence of hydrocarbon inclusions in authigenic minerals of bottom sediments.

Keywords: minerals, facies, ranking, fluid flow, Black Sea shelf.

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