O.V. Mytrokhyn, FIRST FINDING OF THE ORBICULAR GABBROIDS IN THE UKRAINIAN ANTARCTIC STATION AREA
FIRST FINDING OF THE ORBICULAR GABBROIDS IN THE UKRAINIAN ANTARCTIC STATION AREA (WILHELM ARCHIPELAGO, WEST ANTARCTICA)
O.V. Mytrokhyn, DrSc (Geology), Prof.
Kyiv Taras Shevchenko National University. Educational-scientific institute "Institute of Geology"
90, Vasylkivska Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03022
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6269-0092
V.G. Bakhmutov, DrSc (Geology), Prof., Head of Department
S.I. Subbotin Institute of Geophysics of the NAS of Ukraine
32, Acad. Palladin Ave., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03142
National Antarctic Scientific Center of Ukraine
16, Taras Schevchenko Boul., Kyiv, Ukraine, 01016
E-mail: email@example.com; https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3804-9953
Mineralogical journal 2021, 43 (2): 40-48
Abstract: A new occurrence of igneous rocks with an orbicular structure was discovered by the authors in West Antarctica. The place of finding is Hovgaard Island in the Wilhelm Archipelago located near the Graham Coast of the Antarctic Peninsula. Until now, not a single manifestation of these rare rocks was known in this region. Usually orbicular rocks are formed under the condition of local "coincidence" of many geological and petrogenetic factors. The study of the geological position, texture features and mineral composition of the orbicular rocks on Hovgaard Island was carried out in order to create their primary petrographic description. It was found that orbiculites are exposed in a small area, about 200 m2, in the field of amphibolized gabbroids and their intrusive breccias. The occurrence and textures of the orbiculites indicate that their crystallization occurred at the hypabyssal depth. Probably, this occurrence is a marginal facies of a small gabbroid intrusion, some parts of which are exposed on the adjacent coastal areas of Hovgaard Island. The studies performed have shown that the orbiculites of Hovgaard Island belong to the rarest petrographic representatives of these rocks namely orbicular gabbroids. In their petrographic feature, they differ markedly from the famous French napoleonites (corsites) exposed on the Corsica Island. The mineral composition of the orbicules is represented by calcium plagioclase (An88-97), hornblende (#Mg = 0.77-0.81), clinopyroxene (Wo48-50En43-47Fs5-8), spinel (Sp62-72Hrc14-20Mt12-17), actinolite, phlogopite, chlorite, magnetite and apatite. The interorbicular matrix has a gabbroid composition and a porphyritic texture. It differs from orbicules in somewhat less calcium plagioclase and less magnesian hornblende, as well as in the absence of spinel. In view of the rarity of orbicular gabbroids and the specificity of the described manifestation, it is proposed that the orbicular gabbro on Hovgaard Island be considered as a new petrographic variety of the gabbroid family. The name "hovgaardite" is recommended for the name of this variety of orbicular gabbro.
Keywords: orbicular rocks, orbicular texture, West Antarctica.
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