Refinement of Mineral Species Nomenclature in the Light of Preparation of the Mineralogical Encyclopedia of Ukraine

UDC 549.01

O.M. Ponomarenko, H.O. Kulchytska

M.P. Semenenko Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore Formation of the NAS of Ukraine

34, Acad. Palladina Pr., Kyiv-142, Ukraine, 03680


Refinement of Mineral Species Nomenclature in the Light of Preparation of the Mineralogical Encyclopedia of Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Mineralogical journal 2015, 37 (2): 3-12

Abstract: The level of regional mineralogical studies in Ukraine decreased significantly compared to the middle of the last century. During this time the number of discovered minerals has doubled and it continues to grow despite the forecasts. The main reason for the growth of the number of new minerals is the improvement of analytical database that allows studying the minerals deposits that are less and less in dimensions, to determine the composition of separate REE, to allocate the potential new minerals with a substitutions at least one structural site in addition to the major site. The number of the known minerals in Ukraine has also increased and is now approaching 1000. The need to create the "Mineralogical Ency clopedia of Ukraine" (MEU) was obvious as far as 15 years ago, but we came to nothing more than compiling the Terminological Dictionary. Another problem we face is that not all minerals mentioned in the national scientific literature are approved by the Commission of the International Mineralogical Association as individual species. Some appeared to be the combination of mineral species, the others — varieties of species; the last ones — were renamed due to different reasons. The article draws attention to fundamental changes that have occurred in the last years in the nomenclature of amphiboles, tourmalines, and apatites and to the cases of renaming when some concepts were replaced by the opposite ones. For instance the last thing happened to taramite — iron-bearing amphibole discovered in Ukraine and recently renamed to ferro-taramite, whereas the name "taramite" was given to magnesia type, discovered in Norway. It is obvious that the creation of the MEU should be preceded by the redefinition of the minerals known in Ukraine according to the changes performed in the nomenclature of their groups.

Keywords: regional mineralogy, terminology, approved and discredited mineral species, renamed species, glossary of mineral species.


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