В.G. Shabalin, O.M. Lavrynenko, P.O. Kosorukov, S.P. Bugera. THE PERSPECTIVES OF THE NATURAL SMECTITE CLAY APPLICATION FOR THE CREATION OF A GEOLOGICAL REPOSITORY OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE IN UKRAINE

https://doi.org/10.15407/mineraljournal.40.04.065
UDC 621.039 : 754.716
В.G. Shabalin 1, O.M. Lavrynenko 1, 2, P.O. Kosorukov 3, S.P. Bugera 1
1 State Institution "Institute of Environmental Geochemistry of the NAS of Ukraine"
34a, Acad. Palladin Ave., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03142
E-mail: b_shabalin@ukr.net
2 I.M. Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science of the NAS of Ukraine
3, Krzhizhanovsky Str., Ukraine, Kyiv, 03142
3 F.D. Ovcharenko Institute of Bio-Colloid Chemistry of the NAS of Ukraine
42, Acad. Vernadsky Boulevard, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03142
Language: Ukrainian
Mineralogical journal 2018, 40 (4): 65-78
THE PERSPECTIVES OF THE NATURAL SMECTITE CLAY APPLICATION FOR THE CREATION OF A GEOLOGICAL REPOSITORY OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE IN UKRAINE
Abstract:
Despite the fact that Ukraine has significant deposits of smectite clay, up to now there have not been any studies aimed at their suitability as buffer materials for the design of the geological repository for radioactive waste. The article deals with: raw mineral potential of bentonite and saponite clasy in Ukraine; mineral composition of clay rocks and the crystallochemical characteristics of the main clay minerals; perspectives of using bentonite buffer during geological storage design. For the creation of a future conceptual program for a geological repository in Ukraine it was considered necessary to include a detailed study of potential natural sources of bentonite, as well as a complex experimental study of mineralogical and geochemical processes that accompany transformation of bentonite buffer under geological repository conditions. It is expected that such a comprehensive analysis will allow predicting long-term stability of bentonite buffer and assessing the safety of the geological repository as a whole.
Keywords: geological repository of radioactive waste, deposits of bentonite clays in Ukraine, mineral composition of bentonites, crystallochemical specificity of bentonite.
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