UDC 556.314.


V.M. Shestopalov, DrSc (Hydrogeology), Academician of the NAS of Ukraine

Institute of Geological Sciences of the NAS of Ukraine

55-b, O. Honchar Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03054

E-mail: vmshest@gmail.com; ScopusID 7005559051

A.Yu. Moiseyev, PhD (Biological), Senior Research Fellow

Institute of Geological Sciences of the NAS of Ukraine

55-b, O. Honchar Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03054

ScopusID 36191088400

N.P. Moiseyeva, PhD (Chemistry), Senior Research Fellow, Leading Researcher

Institute of Geological Sciences of the NAS of Ukraine

55-b, O. Honchar Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03054

ScopusID 7005063353

M.O. Druzhyna, DrSc (Biological), Senior Research Fellow, Leading Researcher

R.E. Kavetsky Institute of Experimental Pathology, Oncology

and Radiobiology of the NAS of Ukraine

45, Vasylkivska Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03022

E-mail: druzhyna@nas.gov.ua; ScopusID 6504487049

G.V. Lesyuk, Junior Research Fellow

Institute of Geological Sciences of the NAS of Ukraine

55-b, O. Honchar Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03054

E-mail: Kyiv.ualesiuk.galya@gmail.com


Language: Ukrainian

Mineralogical journal 2021, 43 (1): 51-67

Abstract: This article considers the distribution, formation, and chemical composition of mineral waters of the Eastern region of Ukraine, and, in particular, Donetsk, Luhansk, and Kharkiv regions. The main types of mineral waters, most characteristic of the Eastern region of Ukraine, are determined. Their formation and distribution are considered. Manifestations of ferrous, bromine, boron and iodine waters have been studied in this region, which significantly expands hydromineral and balneological resources. The application of ferrous mineral waters to organisms exposed to radiation has been studied. Since one of the consequences of radiation damage is a violation of oxidative homeostasis, the effect of ferrous mineral waters on the course of free radical processes in the body was studied. The peculiarities of the organic composition and biological properties of Berezivsky mineral waters have been studied to identify them as Naftusya-type waters. It is established that Berezivsky mineral waters do not have a pronounced radiomodifier effect. They are inhibitors of the enzymatic activity of catalase — a key regulator of oxidative metabolism, which leads to a deterioration in the vital functions of the body after irradiation. According to the obtained data of mass spectra, active organic substances of different classes, which are part of mineral waters of the Naftusya type, differ from organic substances of Berezivsky mineral waters, both qualitatively and quantitatively. Therefore, Berezivsky mineral waters cannot be referred to as the class of mineral waters of the Naftusya type. Some studies were also conducted and an array of statistics was obtained, which showed that the mineral waters of the Podilsk region, Naftusya and Berezivsky waters have pesticide concentrations less than 0.01 ng/dm3, i.e. 10 000 times lower than their permissible concentrations according to international standards. This confirms the possibility of widespread use and export of Ukrainian mineral waters, which is of national importance. Prospects for the development and use of mineral waters in the Eastern region are shown.

Keywords: Ukrainian mineral waters, Eastern region, formation, distribution, chemical composition, biological properties.


  1. Bakulina, A.G. and Skopintsev, B.А. (1969), Gidrochim. materialy, Vol. 52, pp. 133-141 [in Russian].
  2. Baraboy, V.A. (2006), Bioantioksidanty, Kniga plyus, Kyiv, UA, 461 p. [in Russian].
  3. Berridzh, M.L. (1985), V mire nauki, No. 5, RU, pp. 98-109 [in Russian].
  4. Bondarenko, V.V. and Kulikov, G.V. (1984), Podzemnye promyshlennye vody, Nedra, Moscow, RU, 355 p. [in Russian].
  5. Vovk, I.F. and Nikolayenko, T.S. (1976), Geochemistry, Vol. 2, RU, pp. 413-421 [in Russian].
  6. Rudko, G.І. and Аdamenko, О.М. (ed) (2010), Introduction to medical geology, Vol. 1, Akadempres, Kyiv, UA, 736 p. [in Ukrainian].
  7. Dobra, L.P. (2003), Efficiency of iron mineral waters of Soymi spa in the treatment of ironed efficiency anemia of different genesis, PhD medical sci. dissertation, Ukr.-Sci. Research Inst. Medical Rehabilitation and Kurortology, Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Odesa, UA, 19 p. [in Ukrainian].
  8. (2005) DSTU ISO 5667-11:2005. Water quality. Sampling. Pt 11. Guidance on groundwater sampling (ISO 5667-11: 1993, IDT), Kyiv, UA, 2005 [in Ukrainian].
  9. (1996) DSTU 878-93. Mineral drinking water. [Reprint, May 1996], Kyiv, UA, 88 p. (State Standard of Ukraine) [in Ukrainian].
  10. Shestopalov, V.M. (ed.) (2003), Classification of mineral waters of Ukraine, Makkom press, Kyiv, UA, 121 p. [in Russian].
  11. Kolodiy, V.V. and Shchepak, V.M. (1972), Geologiya goryuchikh iskopayemykh, No. 42, Lviv, UA [in Russian].
  12. Korolyuk, М.А., Ivanova, L.I. and Mayorova, I.G. (1988), Laboratory case, No. 1, Moscow, RU, pp. 16-19 [in Russian].
  13. Lapach, С.N., Chubenko, А.V. and Bаbich, P.N. (2001), Statistical methods in biomedical research using Excel, Morion press, Kyiv, UA, 407 p. [in Russian].
  14. Malevany, G.G. (1971), Mineral waters of the Kharkov region, Kharkov, UA, 92 p. [in Russian].
  15. (2005), Mineral waters of the Ukraine, Nauk. dumka, Kyiv, UA, 576 p. [in Ukrainian].
  16. Moiseev, A.Yu., (2017), Features of chemical composition and balneological application of mineral waters, Kim publ., Kyiv, UA, 464 p. [in Russian].
  17. Moiseev, A.Yu., (2014), Geochemistry and Ore Formation, Vyp. 34, Kyiv, UA, pp. 85-91 [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.15407/gof.2014.34.085
  18. Moiseeva, N.P., Shestopalov, V.M. and Moiseev, A.Yu. (2013), Geochemistry and Ore Formation, Vyp. 33, Kyiv, UA,  pp. 53-63 [in Russian]. https://doi.org/10.15407/gof.2013.33.053
  19. Ognyanik, M.S. (2000), Mineralni vody Ukrayny, Pidruchnyk, Kyiv National University, Kyiv, UA, p. 81 [in Ukrainian].
  20. Pavlenko, O.V. (2004), Compilation of the cadastre of deposits and manifestations of mineral waters of Donetsk region, Geofond, Artemivsk, UA, 201 p. [in Ukrainian].
  21. Plotnikov, N.A. (1959), Tr. Mosk. geologorazved. Instituta im. Ordzhonikidze, Vol. 35, Moscow, RU [in Russian].
  22. Moiseev, A.J., Rodionova, N.K., Druzhyna, N.A., Lypska, A.I. Grinevich, Yu.P., Ganzha, О.B. and Kostukova, L.V. (2003), Nuclear Physics and Atomic Energy, No. 2 (15), Kyiv, UA, pp. 131-136 [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.15407/jnpae
  23. Serkiz, Ya.I., Druzhyna, N.A. and Hrienko, А.P. (1989), Chemiluminescence of blood under radiation exposure, Nauk. dumka, Kyiv, UA, 176 p. [in Russian].
  24. Scardzhinsky, V.I. (1973), Endogenous metallogeny of the Donetsk basin, Nauk. dumka, Kyiv, UA, 204 p. [in Russian].
  25. Shvay, L.P. (1984), Dopov. AN UkrRSR, Ser. B. No. 7, Kyiv, UA, pp. 23-28 [in Russian].
  26. Shevchenko, R. Kadastr mestorozhdeniy i proyavleniy mineral’nykh vod Luganskoy oblasti, Lugansk, UA, 2006. 210 p. [in Ukrainian].
  27. Shestopalov, V.M., Moiseev, A.J., Rodionova, N.K., Ganzha, O.B., Makovetska, L.I. and Druzhyna, M.J. (2015), Nuclear Physics and Atomic Energy, Vol. 16, No. 1, Kyiv, UA, pp. 68-76 [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.15407/jnpae2015.01.068
  28. Shestopalov, V.M. and Moiseyeva, N.P. (1998), Sposob konservatsii zhelezistykh mineral’nykh vod organicheskimi kislotami, Avtorskoye pravo No. 11998, Opubl. 14.07.1998.
  29. Shestopalov, V.M., Nehoda, H.M., Moiseyeva, N.P., Druzhina, M.O., Sukhorebryy, A.O. and Onyshchenko, I.P. (2009), Formation of mineral waters of Ukraine, Nauk. dumka, Kyiv, UA, 312 p. [in Ukrainian].
  30. Shestopalov, V.M., Negoda, H.M., Moiseyev, A.Yu. and Moiseyeva, N.P. (2019), Geol. Journ., No. 1 (366), Kyiv, UA, pp. 78-87 [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.30836/igs.1025-6814.2019.1.159242
  31. Yanchev, V.K., Suleymanov, S.P. and Reshetov, I.K. (2000), Collection of scientific articles "Water and Health 2000". OZNTEI, Odessa, UA, pp. 240-242 [in Russian].