UDC 552.3+552.22



O.V. Mytrokhyn, DrSc (Geology), Prof.

Kyiv Taras Shevchenko National University

Educational-scientific institute "Institute of Geology"

90, Vasylkivska Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03022

E-mail: mitrokhin.a.v@ukr.net; orcid: 0000-0001-6269-0092

L.I. Gavryliv, PhD (Geology)

Comenius University, Faculty of Natural Sciences

3278/6, Ilkovičova Karlova Ves, Bratislava, Slovakia, 841 04

E-mail: liubomyr.gavryliv@uniba.sk; orcid: 0000-0001-9239-2520

V.G. Bakhmutov, DrSc (Geology), Prof., Head of Department

S.I. Subbotin Institute of Geophysics of the NAS of Ukraine

32, Acad. Palladin Ave., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03142

E-mail: bakhmutovvg@gmail.com; orcid: 0000-0003-3804-9953

Language: Ukrainian

Mineralogical journal 2022, 44 (3): 67-82

Abstract: Dyke swarms that intrude Paleogene granitoids of the Argentine Islands near the Ukrainian Antarctic Station "Akademik Vernadsky" were studied. The field relations and mineralogical, petrographical and geochemical properties of the dykes allow their relative geological age and the geodynamic conditions to be clarified. The magmatic activity in the study area did not cease, at least until the end of the Miocene when the processes of orogenic uplift led to the erosive exposure of the Paleogene granitoids of the Barchans-Forge Massif. Tectonic exhumation of the latter was accompanied by the intrusion of dykes of different compositions at different depths. Cenozoic basalt and diabase dykes are the most common. Most are subvolcanic fractured intrusions formed after the complete exhumation of the host granitoids, which ended by the Miocene (11 Ma). The basaltic dykes are probably one of the youngest representatives of magmatism in the region. They have an intermediate position between high-LILE tholeiites and the calc-alkaline series. However, the nature of contamination of the basaltic dykes by crustal rocks requires additional research. Cenozoic microdiorites dykes are rarer than basaltic ones. They are hypabyssal fractured intrusions formed during the tectonic exhumation of the Barchans-Forge granitoids between the beginning of the Paleocene and the end of the Miocene (61-11 Ma). The microdiorites belong to the orogenic calc-alkaline series and they could be related to subduction processes. The discovery of only one dacite dyke indicates the rarity of acid magmatism during the Cenozoic period. It occurs as a fractured intrusion and formed after the exhumation of the host granitoids. The dacite dyke belongs to the calc-alkaline series, which, along with other compositional properties, suggests that dacite and microdiorite dykes are comagmatic.

Keywords: Antarctic, petrology, dykes.


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